A professional cleaning of your teeth removes accumulated plaque and calculus (tartar) from your teeth using ultrasonic and hand instruments followed by a polishing to leave the teeth surfaces smooth and free of bacteria-laden debris. If it has been some time since your last cleaning, you may require two visits or a deep cleaning.
Cleanings are recommended at least twice a year and may be needed more frequently in patients who build up plaque and tartar rapidly or have a history of periodontal disease.
Sealants are a protective coating that can be applied to the chewing surface of posterior (back) teeth. These teeth typically have deep grooves and pits that if left untreated are highly prone to decay, even with good hygiene habits at home.
The procedure is simple and inexpensive and requires no removal of tooth structure or anesthetic. The tooth is thoroughly cleaned before the sealant is flowed onto the tooth surface and hardened under a bright light. This leaves a smooth, easily cleaned surface where the deep grooves were previously.
Fluoride treatments are routinely given to all children up to age 16 and may be beneficial for adults who are especially cavity prone.
A one minute application of fluoride will enhance the protective effect of your regular toothpaste in preventing the development of cavities.